Early Modern Steel

Early modern steel included Blister Steel manufactured by the cementation process which was first made around the 16th century in Italy and soon after in England were it was produced in Coalbrookdale by Basil Brooke around 1610.√ā¬† Wrought iron bars was the raw material used in the process, and was still used up till the 19th¬†century.

Another early modern steel was Crucible Steel which was melted in a crucible rather then being forged.√ā¬† This resulted in a more uniform structure with better composition throughout.√ā¬† Earlier furnaces could not reach high enough temperatures to melt steel.√ā¬† Modern crucible steel resulted from the invention of Benjamin Huntsman in the 1740‚Äôs. Blister Steel (same as above) was melted in a crucible in side a furnace, & cast into ingots¬†normally.

Early modern steel era ended and Modern steel making era began with the Bessemer Process named after it‚Äôs inventor Henry Bessemer who took out a patent on the process in 1855. although this process had already been used centuries before in china and other countries it was not used on an industrial scale before.√ā¬† The process was independently discovered in 1851 by William Kelly. The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for mass production of steel from molten pig iron.√ā¬† The key to the process is the removal of impurities from the iron by oxidation by air being blown through the molten¬†iron.

the Bessemer Process which revolutionized steel manufacture by cutting cost and increasing production speed and decreasing labor requirements.√ā¬† this brought the price of steel down to a similar priced wrought iron, which for the first time in history made steel an affordable material for building bridges or to be used in the frame work for buildings, most manufactures switched from wrought iron to steel after¬†this.√ā¬†

below is a picture of a Bessemer converter


Bessemer converter used in steel making

A Master-ful Win for Rifle Shafts

TORRINGTON, CT April 15, 2004 - Viewers witnessed more than history in the making at the 68th Masters. They saw a demonstration of performance through innovative shaft design as Rifle Project X and Rifle Flighted steel shafts claimed first- and second-place respectively at the hallowed grounds of Augusta National Golf Club.

Were extremely excited that our Rifle shafts played a role in what is already being hailed as one of the best Masters tournaments of all time, says Ray Lucas, vice president of sales and marketing for Royal Precision. I think Rifles success really comes down to performance and making a winning difference. Its true that Royal Precision does not make the most steel shafts in the world, but we do make the worlds highest-premium steel shaft. And, when performance matters, the best players in the world turn to steel shafts designed for winning results.

Designed by Royal Precision Americas first steel shaft manufacturer Rifle-branded steel shafts combine four advanced technologies to produce steel shaft innovation unparalleled in the industry. Only Rifle steel shafts offer: Frequency Matching that perfectly matches a set of clubs through electronic calibration; Stepless Design Technology that eliminates the energy-robbing steps found on most other steel shafts, and provides greater accuracy and a smooth, yet solid, feel at impact; Patented Internal Rifling that transfers energy more efficiently than other steel shafts, reduces vibration and increases distance; and advanced Flighted Technology that features produces variable ball trajectories for different clubs within a single set.

Headquartered in Torrington, Connecticut, Royal Precision Inc. is a leading designer, manufacturer and distributor of high-quality, innovative golf club shafts, including the Rifle shaft which features Royal Precision’s "Frequency Coefficient Matching" technology designed to provide consistent flex characteristics to all the clubs in a golfer’s bag. Royal Precision is also a designer and distributor of Royal Grip golf club grips offering a wide variety of standard and custom models, all of which feature durability and a distinctive feel and appearance. For more information, call 800-811-2795 or visit the Royal Precision website at http://www.royalprecision.com/.

Austin City Lofts

Another great building in Austin is the Austin City Lofts.  The Austin City Lofts is a 14 story high rise with 82 luxury loft homes.  The average loft size in the Austin City Lofts is 1700 square feet.  The First 4 floors are dedicated to retail and parking a residential lobby and management offices plus eight flats fronting Shoal Creek. then from floors 5 through 10 there are 54 flats with 12 foot ceilings. The last floors 11 through 14  include 20 two-story loft-style homes with 20-foot high ceilings.  All lofts have a view of either The State Capitol to the north or Town Lake to the south.

Austin City Lofts

"Individual homes feature spacious balconies, hardwood and exposed concrete floors, maple cabinetry, granite kitchen surfaces, superior appliance packages, and large bathrooms with granite countertops, oversized showers and whirlpool tubs. Building amenities include a pool and garden area, 24-hour security, and controlled-access parking.

Austin City Lofts, located on the Shoal Creek Greenbelt near the new Whole Foods flagship store, offers contemporary luxury loft residences.  Located on the northwest corner of West 5th Street and West Avenue,  Austin City Lofts is within two blocks of many retail and restaurant establishments, fashionable shops and boutiques. Immediately across Shoal Creek are restaurants, shops and a 12-screen movie theater. Nightlife opportunities abound just down the street and around the corner on Austin’s famous 6th Street. Homeowners also have immediate access to Austin’s urban parks via the Town Lake Hike and Bike trail.

Austin City Lofts

Not only does the development have direct access to Austin’s employment base, but also the City has identified this area as a desired urban residential neighborhood. An exceptional location amid high-end residential and retail, the Austin CBD, Shoal Creek and Town Lake gives this project a unique advantage not readily duplicated by competing projects. "

Austin City Lofts features a private lap pool and spa, fire pit and communal cooking area, on-site secured parking, a porter and concierge service, Hill Country and Downtown views, and large private balconies.

Hilton Austin Hotel

As mentioned in the last post we will now write about the hotel that resides below the 5 Fifty Five residential units.  The Hilton Austin Hotel is an architectural work of beauty located just north of the Austin Convention Center.  The hotel is the Largest in Austin with 800 rooms.  The 31 story hotel has a 27,000 sq ft main ballroom, a 15,000 sq. ft. junior ballroom, and over 10,000 sq. ft. of meeting space. Other amenities include two restaurants, a coffe shop and wine bar, health club, business center, outdoor swimming pool and spa.

Hilton Austin Hotel

Guest Accommodations

As a guest of the Hilton Austin you can experience comfort and elegance in every guest room with the new Hilton Serenity Collection of bedding. The Hilton Suite Dreams bed features a super-topper mattress pad to provide comfort support and luxury, while the 250-count European-style linens, non-allergenic down duvet and down pillows allow a wonderful slumber.

Beyond the bed, we offer new La Source bathroom amenities created exclusively for Hilton by Crabtree & Evelyn. Our rooms measure 350 square feet in size and include one king or two double beds, a chair with ottoman or loveseat and a spacious work desk.

You can stay in touch with two phones (each with 2 lines), voicemail and a data port offering wireless high-speed Internet service. We also offer the Hilton Family Exclusive alarm clock/radio with connection cable for personal MP3 player, portable CD player, laptop and other entertainment devices. Our Printer On service enables our guests to send print jobs from laptops in their guestrooms directly to the hotel’s 24-hr business center for pick-up at their convenience.

Additionally each of the guest rooms include a flat-screen television with Cable TV and pay movies, video games and premium channels, mini-bar, coffee maker, iron/ironing board and hair dryer. A complimentary USA Today newspaper is delivered to each room Monday - Friday. Our spacious and stylish guest rooms include all the necessities for an unforgettable stay